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Population in Mauritania
 
 
 

General

The population of Mauritania in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 2,893,000, which placed it as number 133 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 44% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 98 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 2.98%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 3,988,000. The population density in 2002 was 3 per km² (7 per mi²). More than 90% of the population lives in the southern quarter of the country, including the Senegal River Valley.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 58% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Nouakchott, had a population of 881,000 in that year. According to the UN, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 4.3%.

Overview

Population : 3,281,634 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 40.4% (male 665,314/female 660,352)

15-64 years: 56.2% (male 866,859/female 975,821)

65 years and over: 3.5% (male 48,075/female 65,213) (2011 est.)
Median age : total: 19.5 years

male: 18.6 years

female: 20.4 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate : 2.349% (2011 est.)
Birth rate : 33.23 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate : 8.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate : -0.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 41% of total population (2010)

rate of urbanisation: 2.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Nouakchott (capital) 709,000 (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate : total: 60.42 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 65.55 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 55.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 61.14 years

male: 58.94 years

female: 63.41 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate : 4.3 children born/woman (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.7% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 14,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high

food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vector-borne diseases: malaria and Rift Valley fever

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis

animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
Drinking water source : improved:

urban: 52% of population

rural: 47% of population

total: 49% of population

unimproved:

urban: 48% of population

rural: 53% of population

total: 51% of population (2008)
Sanitation facility access : improved:

urban: 50% of population

rural: 9% of population

total: 26% of population

unimproved:

urban: 50% of population

rural: 91% of population

total: 74% of population (2008)
Nationality : noun: Mauritanian(s)

adjective: Mauritanian
Ethnic groups : mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
Religions : Muslim 100%
Languages : Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 51.2%

male: 59.5%

female: 43.4% (2000 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 8 years

male: 8 years

female: 8 years (2007)
Education expenditures : 4.4% of GDP (2008)

 

 

 
 

 



 


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